Vet Blog

Leptospirosis Vaccination Recommendation for Dogs

May 08, 2018

Leptospirosis Vaccination Recommendation for Dogs

Due to recent cases, some of them fatal, Charlotte Animal Hospital recommends that all dogs be vaccinated against Leptospirosi due to the severe nature of the disease.

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis (often called "Lepto") is a bacterial disease that can cause severe, sometimes permanent, damage to the liver and kidneys of dogs, humans and other animals. Leptospirosis can be fatal if untreated.

How is Leptospirosis transmitted?

The bacteria can be spread through the urine of infected rodents, squirrels, chipmunks, raccoons, opossums and other common wildlife.

Your dog can develop leptospirosis after contact with water or soil contaminated with the bacteria. Humans can also be infected via contact with contaminated urine, water or soil.

What are the symptoms of Leptospirosis?

  • Flu-like symptoms in dogs including fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, weakness and muscle pain

How can I reduce the risk of Leptospirosis?

  • Vaccinating your dog
  • Avoiding water that may be contaminated with the bacteria, especially stagnant water. Be cautious of dog parks, lakes, rivers and farms.
  • Thorough hand washing for you and your family - especially when handling anything that might have urine on it

How is the Leptospirosis vaccine administered?

Dogs that have not been previously vaccinated against leptospirosis should receive two doses of the vaccine 2-4 weeks apart and then an annual booster. Puppies may be vaccinated at as young as 6 weeks of age, although for most dogs, we recommend starting at 12 weeks of age or older.

Come visit us today for your dog's Lepto vaccination!